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中国“两会”吸引世界目光 这些热词火啦!(双语)

2019-03-14 14:47:35来源:中国日报网

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  “两会是观察了解中国发展的绝佳时机”,这已成为世界各国有识之士的共鸣。

  当今世界正处于百年未有之大变局,全球治理体系面临深刻重塑。值此关键时刻,世界的目光聚焦中国,有探究,也更期待。

  今年全国两会期间,扶贫、高质量发展、“一带一路”倡议、外商投资等热词引发了外国专家们的热议。

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  Aerial photo taken on Aug. 10, 2016 shows a view of Meishan bonded area in Beilun of Ningbo, east China's Zhejiang Province. (Xinhua/Huang Zongzhi)

  POVERTY ALLEVIATION

  扶贫

  In the government work report delivered at the opening of the annual NPC session on March 5, China pledges to reduce its population of rural poor by over 10 million this year.

  十三届全国人大二次会议5日上午开幕,国务院总理李克强在政府工作报告中指出,今年再减少农村贫困人口1000万以上。

  Official figures show that over the past 40 years, China has lifted more than 70 million of its rural residents out of poverty, and the poverty rate -- the proportion of people living below the Chinese poverty line -- had fallen among the rural population from 97.5 percent in 1978 to 3.1 percent at the end of 2017.

  官方数据显示,在过去40年中,中国已有超过7000万农村人口实现脱贫。农村人口贫困率(生活在贫困线以下人口的比例)已从1978年的97.5%下降到2017年的3.1%。

  "For me, it is just a miracle that over 40 years, over the course of one working lifetime, China has gone from one of the poorest countries in the world" to one that is about to eliminate absolute poverty, said Craig Allen, president of the US-China Business Council.

  美中贸易全国委员会主席克雷格·艾伦说:“在我看来,过去40年里,相当于一个人一生工作的时间,中国已经从全球最贫困的国家之一”,发展为即将完全消除贫困的国家。

  Varaprasad Sekhar Dolla, a professor of Chinese studies at India's Jawaharlal Nehru University, also spoke highly of China's achievements in poverty reduction.

  印度尼赫鲁大学中国研究教授维拉普拉萨德·谢卡·多拉也高度赞扬了中国在消除贫困方面取得的成就。

  "If global poverty came down quite substantially in the last three or four decades, it's partly because of the Chinese contribution to reducing poverty within its own national boundaries," said the Indian scholar.

  这位印度学者说:“如果说过去三四十年来,全球贫困人口大幅下降,那么部分原因是中国消除贫困人口的贡献。”

  In the eyes of Khairy Tourk, a professor of economics with the Stuart School of Business at the Illinois Institute of Technology in Chicago, "many countries look up to China to learn from its experience."

  在芝加哥伊利诺理工学院斯图亚特商学院经济学教授科瑞尔·图尔克看来,“很多国家都很仰慕中国取得的成绩,向中国学习经验。”

  "The Chinese experience is based on building a modern infrastructure and then on setting up special economic zones that would help underdeveloped countries to industrialize," he added.

  他补充说:“中国的经验是基于建立现代的基础设施,随后建立经济特区,这可以帮助欠发达国家实现工业化。”

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  Staff members serve dishes at a restaurant in Longwangba Village of Xiji County in Guyuan, northwest China's Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region, Aug. 30, 2018. (Xinhua/Wang Peng)

  BRI COOPERATION

  “一带一路”倡议

  At a press conference on the sidelines of the ongoing Two Sessions, State Councilor and Foreign Minister Wang Yi said the initiative has become the world's largest platform for international cooperation and the most welcomed global public good.

  国务委员、外交部长王毅在记者会上说,“一带一路”倡议已经成为世界上规模最大的合作平台和最受欢迎的公共产品。

  He noted that a total of 123 countries and 29 international organizations have signed BRI agreements with China.

  他指出,目前已有123个国家和29个国际组织签署了共建“一带一路”合作文件。

  Keith Bennett, vice chairman of Britain's 48 Group Club, a consultancy network for British companies seeking to do business with China, said that the BRI "is inclusive and offers the greatest opportunity for both investment and development in decades."

  英国四十八家集团俱乐部副主席基思·班尼特说,“一带一路”倡议“是包容性的,为未来几十年的投资和发展都提供了最大的机遇。”

  "Its emphasis on infrastructure and connectivity lays the best possible foundations for promoting all-round, comprehensive economic development and improvement of people's livelihood in the future," he said.

  他说:“‘一带一路’倡议聚焦于基础设施建设,最大可能地为推进全面、综合的经济发展,并在将来提高人民的生活水平奠定基础。”

  Noting that China treats each country on the basis of equality, Tourk said, "I think it's a matter of time before all nations come to realize the wisdom behind the Belt and Road Initiative."

  在谈到中国公平对待所有国家时,图尔克说:“所有国家都会认识到‘一带一路’倡议体现出的智慧,这只是时间问题。”

  China is the only major country in history "that has made the development of poor countries one of its top priorities," he added. "Through the BRI, many of these nations are fortunate to enjoy Chinese funding and know-how for the building of modern infrastructure and industrial economic zones."

  他说,中国是历史上唯一一个“把帮助贫困国家作为重中之重”的国家。“通过‘一带一路’倡议,很多贫困国家可以接受中国的资金和技术,建立现代化基础设施和工业经济区。”

  The BRI, he said, "is going to be the engine of growth in the 21st century."

  他说,“一带一路”倡议“将成为21世纪的发展引擎。”

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  Photo taken on June 2, 2016 shows the Yantian Port in Shenzhen, south China's Guangdong Province. (Xinhua/Mao Siqian)

  FOREIGN INVESTMENT

  外商投资

  Another hot topic is the draft law on foreign investment that is expected to be voted on during this year's Two Sessions.

  另一个热点是将在两会期间表决的外商投资法草案。

  The draft law, said Tourk, will make "it easier for foreign firms to do business in China."

  图尔克说,外商投资法草案将使“外国公司在中国经商更便捷”。

  Sotiris Petropoulos, an assistant professor at the Department of Political Science and International Relations at the University of the Peloponnese in Greece, voiced a similar opinion.

  希腊伯罗奔尼撒大学政治学和国际关系学系助理教授索蒂里斯·彼得罗普洛斯也持同样看法。

  Once passed, "the new law is expected to decrease barriers to foreign investment and render foreign companies' operations within the country easier and more balanced than before," he said.

  他说,草案通过后,“新的外商投资法将减少外商投资的障碍,使外国公司在中国经营更便捷,更均衡。”

  Mahmoud Raya, editor-in-chief of the "China in Arab Eyes" news website, said the draft law is "considered as a fundamental change in China's foreign investment management system, which will improve openness, transparency and predictability of the investment environment."

  “阿拉伯眼中的中国”新闻网站总编穆罕默德·莱雅说,外商投资法草案“被认为是中国外商投资管理体制的根本变化,将促进投资环境的公开、透明和可预测性”。

  "I think that the Chinese leadership is very wise, and that they realize that market-oriented competition will lead to greater growth," said Allen. "And one way to spur that growth is to allow foreign companies to play a stronger role in China."

  艾伦说:“我认为中国的领导层很聪明,他们认识到以市场为导向的竞争会促进发展,而促进发展的途径之一就是允许外国公司在中国发挥更重要的作用。”

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  A man works on a production line at Dongfeng-Renault plant in Wuhan, central China's Hubei Province, Feb. 1, 2016. (Xinhua/Wang He)

  HIGH-QUALITY GROWTH

  高质量发展

  In this year's government work report, China sets its gross domestic product (GDP) growth target for 2019 at 6-6.5 percent, and vows to promote high-quality and sustainable growth.

  在今年的政府工作报告中,中国将2019年的国内生产总值增长目标设定为6%到6.5%,并表示要促进高质量、可持续发展。

  "During the initial years of the country's economic miracle, China experienced double-digit growth rates. Now it is pursuing high-quality sustainable development," said Tourk.

  图尔克说:“在中国经济发展的最初一些年,国内生产总值达到了两位数增长。如今,中国正追求高质量和可持续发展。”

  "The Chinese development has fascinated the world. It has made the country the workshop of the world. It has also created the biggest middle class in history," he added.

  他还说:“中国的发展惊艳了世界,使中国成为世界工厂。如今,中国创造了人数最庞大的中产阶级”。

  To Suliaman Turay, a lecturer and researcher on business and public policy with the Pan African Institute for Development West Africa, a think tank in Cameroon, China's economic growth is a real eye-opener for African countries.

  喀麦隆智库泛非发展研究院西非分院商业和公共政策讲师兼研究员苏利亚曼·图拉伊说,中国的经济增长对非洲国家来说真是大开眼界。

  "The steady increase in high-tech investment speaks volumes of the determination of China to maintain stable and quality growth," he said, adding that Africans need to gain a competitive advantage in international trade by learning from the Chinese people.

  他说:“高科技投资的稳步增长说明了中国保持稳定和高质量增长的决心”, 非洲人民需要向中国人民学习,从而在国际贸易中获得竞争优势。

  "As long as China continues to upgrade its economic structure for quality growth, driven by innovations in science and technology, its development will continue to offer opportunities for African countries," Turay noted.

  图拉伊说:“只要中国继续升级经济结构以促进高质量增长,在科技创新的推动下,其发展将继续为非洲国家提供机会。”

  Elvis Ngolle Ngolle, a professor at the University of Yaounde II in Cameroon, said Chinese innovation is helping to boost economic and social development in other countries, and helping them cultivate their own talent.

  喀麦隆雅温得第二大学教授埃尔维斯·恩格尔·恩格尔说,中国的创新促进了其他国家的经济和社会发展,帮助他们培养本国人才。

  A good example, Ngolle said, is the Chinese agricultural technology which "is transforming barren land into fertile farmland in Africa."

  他说,举个例子来说,中国的农业科技“正把非洲的荒地改造成良田”。

  "As China continues to realize more benefits from its reform, the innovative spirit of the Chinese people will continue to flourish, which will contribute even more to the progress of mankind," he added.

  他说:“随着中国从改革中获益更多,中国人民将继续弘扬创新精神,对人类的进步作出更大贡献。”


本文关键字: 两会 两会热词

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